2023

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How to Get Started With Istio in Kubernetes in 5 Steps

DZone

Applications nowadays are distributed as microservices all over the cloud. Organizations use Kubernetes to manage these applications at scale, which has brought great flexibility and agility for development teams. However, microservices and multicloud applications have given rise to new challenges. Now, it is harder to configure communication between distributed services and secure the data in transit.

Cloud 352
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Ensuring the Successful Launch of Ads on Netflix

The Netflix TechBlog

By Jose Fernandez , Ed Barker , Hank Jacobs Introduction In November 2022, we introduced a brand new tier —  Basic with ads. This tier extended existing infrastructure by adding new backend components and a new remote call to our ads partner on the playback path. As we were gearing up for launch, we wanted to ensure it would go as smoothly as possible.

Traffic 342
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Kubernetes in the wild report 2023

Dynatrace

Kubernetes adoption survey executive summary. Modern, cloud-native computing is impossible to separate from containers and Kubernetes adoption. While Kubernetes is still a relatively young technology, a large majority of global enterprises use it to run business-critical applications in production. The rapid adoption is driven—and challenged by—an ever-growing ecosystem of Kubernetes technologies that add advanced platform features, such as security, microservice communications, observability, s

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In Defence of DOM­Content­Loaded

CSS Wizardry

Honestly, I started writing this article, for no real reason and somewhat without context, in December 2022—over half a year ago! But, I left it in _drafts/ until today, when a genuinely compelling scenario came up that gives real opportunity for explanation. It no longer feels like trivia-for-the-sake-of-it thanks to a recent client project. I never thought I’d write an article in defence of DOMContentLoaded , but here it is… For many, many years now, performance engineers have been making a co

Metrics 326
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Consistent hashing algorithm

High Scalability

This is a guest article by NK. You can view the original article Consistent hashing explained on systemdesign.one website. How does consistent hashing work?

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How AI coding companions will change the way developers work

All Things Distributed

Developer tools are one area where generative AI is already having a tangible impact on productivity and speed, and it's the reason I'm excited about Amazon CodeWhisperer.

Code 189
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Why LinkedIn chose gRPC+Protobuf over REST+JSON: Q&A with Karthik Ramgopal and Min Chen

InfoQ

LinkedIn announced that it would be moving to gRPC with Protocol Buffers for the inter-service communication in its microservices platform, where previously an open-source Rest.li framework was used with JSON as a primary serialization format. InfoQ contacted Karthik Ramgopal and Min Chen to learn more about the decision and company motivations behind it.

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Soft skill books that will make you a better developer

Addy Osmani

Explore takeaways from a curated selections of leadership and productivity books, handpicked by Addy Osmani. Unlock your potential with titles like The Effective Executive, Multipliers, Drive, and The Art of Action.

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eBPF Observability Tools Are Not Security Tools

Brendan Gregg

eBPF has many uses in improving computer security, but just taking eBPF observability tools as-is and using them for security monitoring would be like driving your car into the ocean and expecting it to float. Observability tools are designed have the lowest overhead possible so that they are safe to run in production while analyzing an active performance issue.

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Platform Engineering Teams Done Right…

Adrian Cockcroft

Picture by Adrian — Ka’anapali sunset 2023 There’s been a lot of discussion about platforms recently, I talked about why I think it’s a current hot meme on the WTF Podcast with Charles Humble recently, and Sam Newman just wrote a blog post “ Don’t call it a platform ”. What I want to cover in this blog post is how I think platforms should be structured, and why it’s always plural, there isn’t one platform or one platform team.

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How To Collect and Ship Windows Events Logs With OpenTelemetry

DZone

If you use Windows, you will want to monitor Windows Events. A recent contribution of a distribution of the OpenTelemetry (OTel) Collector makes it much easier to monitor Windows Events with OpenTel. You can utilize this receiver either in conjunction with any OTel collector: including the OpenTelemetry Collector. In this article, we will be using observIQ’s distribution of the collector.

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Migrating Critical Traffic At Scale with No Downtime?—?Part 1

The Netflix TechBlog

Migrating Critical Traffic At Scale with No Downtime — Part 1 Shyam Gala , Javier Fernandez-Ivern , Anup Rokkam Pratap , Devang Shah Hundreds of millions of customers tune into Netflix every day, expecting an uninterrupted and immersive streaming experience. Behind the scenes, a myriad of systems and services are involved in orchestrating the product experience.

Traffic 339
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Optimize resource utilization of your Kubernetes clusters with SLOs

Dynatrace

Kubernetes is a widely used open source system for container orchestration. It allows for seamless running of containerized workloads across different environments. However, managing Kubernetes optimally can be a daunting task due to its complex architecture. Properly monitoring a Kubernetes cluster or any related environment can be difficult. Effective resource provisioning and management is a critical aspect of a Kubernetes cluster.

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The Ultimate Low-Quality Image Placeholder Technique

CSS Wizardry

At the time of writing, 99.9% of pages on the web include at least one image. The median image-weight per page landed at 881KB in 2022 , which is more than HTML, CSS, JS, and fonts combined! And while images do not block rendering (unless you do something silly ), it’s important to consider how we offer a reasonably pleasant experience while users are waiting for images to load.

Games 275
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Should PostgreSQL Become Multi-Threaded?

Percona

A few days ago, Heikki Linnakangas posted a message in the PostgreSQL mailing list titled “Let’s make PostgreSQL multi-threaded.” This topic got quite a discussion on Hacker News too. The poll I’ve done on Twitter shows there is great interest in this topic and overwhelming support for such an effort! Should PostgreSQL become multi-threaded ?

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A few words on taking notes

All Things Distributed

As we are about to start the planning meetings for 2024 at AWS, I’ve been thinking a lot about how I take notes.

AWS 217
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Zendesk Moves from DynamoDB to MySQL and S3 to Save over 80% in Costs

InfoQ

Zendesk reduced its data storage costs by over 80% by migrating from DynamoDB to a tiered storage solution using MySQL and S3. The company considered different storage technologies and decided to combine the relational database and the object store to strike a balance between querybility and scalability while keeping the costs down.

Storage 133
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The Real Problem with Software Development

O'Reilly

A few weeks ago, I saw a tweet that said “Writing code isn’t the problem. Controlling complexity is.” I wish I could remember who said that; I will be quoting it a lot in the future. That statement nicely summarizes what makes software development difficult. It’s not just memorizing the syntactic details of some programming language, or the many functions in some API, but understanding and managing the complexity of the problem you’re trying to solve.

Software 121
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Becoming a good engineer is about collecting experience.

Addy Osmani

Becoming a good engineer is about collecting experience. Each project, even small ones, is a chance to add new techniques and tools to your toolbox. Where this delivers even more value is when you can solve problems by pairing techniques learned on one project with tools learned working on another. It all adds up.

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C++23 “Pandemic Edition” is complete (Trip report: Winter ISO C++ standards meeting, Issaquah, WA, USA)

Sutter's Mill

On Saturday, the ISO C++ committee completed technical work on C++23 in Issaquah, WA, USA! We resolved the remaining international comments on the C++23 draft, and are now producing the final document to be sent out for its international approval ballot (Draft International Standard, or DIS) and final editorial work, to be published later in 2023. Our hosts, the Standard C++ Foundation, WorldQuant, and Edison Design Group, arranged for high-quality facilities for our six-day meeting from Monday

C++ 122
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Does Interaction to Next Paint actually correlate to user behavior?

Speed Curve

Earlier this year, Google announced that Interaction to Next Paint (INP) is no longer an experimental metric. INP will replace First Input Delay (FID) as a Core Web Vital in March of 2024. Now that INP has arrived to dethrone FID as the responsiveness metric in Core Web Vitals, we've turned our eye to scrutinizing its effectiveness. In this post, we'll look at real-world data and attempt to answer: What correlation – if any – does INP have with actual user behavior and business metri

Google 113
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Configure Kubernetes Health Checks

DZone

Kubernetes is an open-source container orchestration platform that helps manage and deploy applications in a cloud environment. It is used to automate the deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications. It is an efficient way to manage application health with Kubernetes probes. This article will discuss Kubernetes probes, the different types available, and how to implement them in your Kubernetes environment.

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Native Frame Rate Playback

The Netflix TechBlog

by Akshay Garg , Roger Quero Introduction Maximizing immersion for our members is an important goal for the Netflix product and engineering teams to keep our members entertained and fully engaged in our content. Leveraging a good mix of mature and cutting-edge client device technologies to deliver a smooth playback experience with glitch-free in-app transitions is an important step towards achieving this goal.

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Dynatrace supports Amazon Linux 2023 as an AWS launch partner

Dynatrace

Dynatrace is proud to be an AWS launch partner in support of Amazon Linux 2023 (AL2023). Amazon’s new general-purpose Linux for AWS is designed to provide a secure, stable, and high-performance execution environment to develop and run cloud applications. The Dynatrace Software Intelligence Platform accelerates cloud operations, helping organizations achieve service-level objectives (SLOs) with automated intelligence and unmatched scalability.

AWS 283
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No Start Menu for You

Randon ASCII

I tend to launch most programs on my Windows 10 laptop by typing the <Win> key, then a few letters of the program name, and then hitting enter. On my powerful laptop (SSD and 32 GB of RAM) this process usually takes as long as it takes me to type these characters, just a fraction of a second. Usually. Sometimes, however, it takes longer. A lot longer.

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Reduce Your Cloud Costs With Percona Kubernetes Operators

Percona

Public cloud spending is slowing down. Quarter-over-quarter growth is no longer hitting 30% gains for AWS, Google, and Microsoft. This is businesses’ response to tough and uncertain macroeconomic conditions, where organizations scrutinize their public cloud spending to optimize and adjust. In this blog post, we will see how running databases on Kubernetes with Percona Operators can reduce your cloud bill when compared to using AWS RDS.

Cloud 134
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Farewell EC2-Classic, it’s been swell

All Things Distributed

It is time to celebrate EC2-Classic, which defined early cloud computing, and which is finally retiring.

Cloud 209
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AWS Restructures and Consolidates Its Well-Architected Framework

InfoQ

AWS published a new set of updates to its Well-Architected Framework, with changes across all six pillars of the framework. The performance efficiency and operational excellence pillars have been restructured and consolidated to reduce the number of best practices. Other pillars received improved implementation guidance, including recommendations and steps on reusable architecture patterns.

AWS 121
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Preliminary Thoughts on the White House Executive Order on AI

O'Reilly

Disclaimer: Based on the announcement of the EO , without having seen the full text. While I am heartened to hear that the Executive Order on AI uses the Defense Production Act to compel disclosure of various data from the development of large AI models, these disclosures do not go far enough. The EO seems to be requiring only data on the procedures and results of “Red Teaming” (i.e. adversarial testing to determine a model’s flaws and weak points), and not a wider range of inf

Energy 118
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Effective Engineering Teams

Addy Osmani

tl;dr: Google research found that psychological safety is the most important dynamic for an effective team. This was alongside other dynamics like dependability, role clarity, meaningful work and impact.

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Trip report: Autumn ISO C++ standards meeting (Kona, HI, USA)

Sutter's Mill

Today, the ISO C++ committee completed its second meeting of C++26, held in Kona, HI, USA. Our hosts, Standard C++ Foundation and WorldQuant, arranged for high-quality facilities for our six-day meeting from Monday through Saturday. We had over 170 attendees, about two-thirds in-person and the others remote via Zoom, formally representing 21 nations.

C++ 107
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USENIX SREcon APAC 2023: CFP

Brendan Gregg

USENIX's SREcon conference is the best venue for learning the latest in systems engineering (not just site reliability engineering) and if you have useful production stories and takeaways to share -- especially if you are in the Asia/Pacific region -- please consider submitting a talk proposal to [SREcon APAC 2023]. The [call for participation] ends on March 2nd, only two weeks away.

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How To Run a Docker Container on the Cloud: Top 5 CaaS Solutions

DZone

In the past few years, there has been a growing number of organizations and developers joining the Docker journey. Containerization simplifies the software development process because it eliminates dealing with dependencies and working with specific hardware. Nonetheless, the biggest advantage of using containers is down to the portability they offer.

Cloud 354
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Improved Alerting with Atlas Streaming Eval

The Netflix TechBlog

Ruchir Jha , Brian Harrington , Yingwu Zhao TL;DR Streaming alert evaluation scales much better than the traditional approach of polling time-series databases. It allows us to overcome high dimensionality/cardinality limitations of the time-series database. It opens doors to support more exciting use-cases. Engineers want their alerting system to be realtime, reliable, and actionable.

Storage 288
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Detect VMware Aria Operations for Logs exploitation with Dynatrace and DQL

Dynatrace

VMware Aria Operations for Logs (formerly known as vRealize Log Insight) is used across enterprises to collect logs and provide analytics. The company recently announced a high-severity vulnerability in an earlier version of the tool. Tracked as CVE-2023-34051 (CVSS score: 8.1), the Aria Operations for Logs vulnerability relates to a case of authentication bypass that could lead to remote code execution.

Analytics 269
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The Three Cs: Concatenate, Compress, Cache

CSS Wizardry

I began writing this article in early July 2023 but began to feel a little underwhelmed by it and so left it unfinished. However, after recent and renewed discussions around the relevance and usefulness of build steps, I decided to dust it off and get it finished. Let’s go! When serving and storing files on the web, there are a number of different things we need to take into consideration in order to balance ergonomics, performance, and effectiveness.

Cache 291
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How Bloom Filters Work in MyRocks

Percona

Bloom filters are an essential component of an LSM-based database engine like MyRocks. This post will illustrate through a simple example how bloom filters work in MyRocks. Why? With MyRocks/RocksDB, data is stored in a set of large SST files. When MyRocks needs to find the value associated with a given key, it uses a bloom filter to guess if the key could potentially be in an SST file.

Storage 132