Taskbar Latency and Kernel Calls

Randon ASCII

I work quickly on my computer and I get frustrated when I am forced to wait on an operation that should be fast. A persistent nuisance on my over-powered home laptop is that closing windows on the taskbar is slow. I right-click on an entry, wait for the menu to appear, and then select “Close window”.

Bandwidth or Latency: When to Optimise for Which

CSS Wizardry

When it comes to network performance, there are two main limiting factors that will slow you down: bandwidth and latency. Latency is defined as…. Where bandwidth deals with capacity, latency is more about speed of transfer 2. and reduction in latency. more than latency.

SLOG: serializable, low-latency, geo-replicated transactions

The Morning Paper

SLOG: serializable, low-latency, geo-replicated transactions Ren et al., That’s where SLOG (Serializable LOw-latency, Geo-replicated transactions) comes in. VLDB’19. SLOG is another research system motivated by the needs of the application developer (aka, user!).

Uber’s Big Data Platform: 100+ Petabytes with Minute Latency

Uber Engineering

To accomplish this, Uber relies heavily on making data-driven decisions at every level, from forecasting rider demand during high traffic events to identifying and addressing bottlenecks … The post Uber’s Big Data Platform: 100+ Petabytes with Minute Latency appeared first on Uber Engineering Blog. Uber is committed to delivering safer and more reliable transportation across our global markets.

PostgreSQL Connection Pooling: Part 1 – Pros & Cons

Scalegrid

While there is plenty of well-documented benefits to using a connection pooler, there are some arguments to be made against using one: Introducing a middleware in the communication inevitably introduces some latency.

RSocket vs. gRPC Benchmark

DZone

java performance scalability latency cpu grpc rpc qpsAlmost every time I present RSocket to an audience, there will be someone asking the question: "How does RSocket compare to gRPC?" " Today we are going to find out.

Memory Latency on the Intel Xeon Phi x200 “Knights Landing” processor

John McCalpin

The Xeon Phi x200 (Knights Landing) has a lot of modes of operation (selected at boot time), and the latency and bandwidth characteristics are slightly different for each mode. It is also important to remember that the latency can be different for each physical address, depending on the location of the requesting core, the location of the coherence agent responsible for that address, and the location of the memory controller for that address. MCDRAM maximum latency (ns) 156.1

Latency: Will it undermine the most interesting 5G use cases?

VoltDB

Unfortunately, this means that the age-old Telco bugbears will rear their ugly heads again, including latency. 5G, as a fundamental requirement, mandates a 1 millisecond latency from the datasource to its destination. With the 5G revolution, operators will need to manage hundreds of edge deployments, and maintain the physical space and hardware to achieve 1ms of latency. This requires 1 ms network latency.

Self-Host Your Static Assets

CSS Wizardry

Every new origin we need to visit needs a connection opening, and that can be very costly: DNS resolution, TCP handshakes, and TLS negotiation all add up, and the story gets worse the higher the latency of the connection is.

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New Year’s Updates

John McCalpin

This week I updated three of those posts — two really old ones (primarily of interest to computer architecture historians), and one from 2018: July 2012: Local and Remote Memory Latency on AMD Processors in 2-socket and 4-socket servers. Computer Architecture Performance memory bandwidth memory latency Xeon PhiAs part of my attempt to become organized in 2019, I found several draft blog entries that had never been completed and made public.

Invited Talk at SuperComputing 2016!

John McCalpin

Computer Architecture Computer Hardware Performance cache DRAM high performance computing memory bandwidth memory latency STREAM benchmark“Memory Bandwidth and System Balance in HPC Systems” If you are planning to attend the SuperComputing 2016 conference in Salt Lake City next month, be sure to reserve a spot on your calendar for my talk on Wednesday afternoon (4:15pm-5:00pm).

Why Telcos Need a Real-Time Analytics Strategy

VoltDB

No Compromises Performance Personalization Real-time Vlog low latency real-time analytics telco telco strategy telecomHistorically, telco analytics have been limited and difficult. Telco networks and the systems that support those networks are some of the most advanced technology solutions in existence.

Time to First Byte: What It Is and Why It Matters

CSS Wizardry

The first—and often most surprising for people to learn—thing that I want to draw your attention to is that TTFB counts one whole round trip of latency. The reason is because mobile networks are, as a rule, high latency connections.

Expanding the Cloud: Faster, More Flexible Queries with DynamoDB

All Things Distributed

While DynamoDB already allows you to perform low-latency queries based on your tableâ??s This gives you the ability to perform richer queries while still meeting the low-latency demands of responsive, scalable applications. All Things Distributed.

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Optimize Citrix platform performance and user experience with a new extension (Preview)

Dynatrace

Citrix platform performance—optimize your Citrix landscape with insights into user load and screen latency per server. Citrix latency represents the end-to-end “screen lag” experienced by a server’s users. ICA latency. Dynatrace news.

Extending Vector with eBPF to inspect host and container performance

The Netflix TechBlog

Today we are excited to announce latency heatmaps and improved container support for our on-host monitoring solution?—?Vector?—?to Remotely view real-time process scheduler latency and tcp throughput with Vector and eBPF What is Vector?

SpaceX Spending $10 Billion to Make the Internet 20ms Faster

MachMetrics

However, there is excitement around Starlink for other reasons – namely, the implications it might have for internet speed and latency – even by just a small amount (20 milliseconds on average). Starlink’s Goal: Reduce Internet Latency. Elon Musk’s need for speed.

RPCValet: NI-driven tail-aware balancing of µs-scale RPCs

The Morning Paper

Last week we learned about the [increased tail-latency sensitivity of microservices based applications with high RPC fan-outs. Seer uses estimates of queue depths to mitigate latency spikes on the order of 10-100ms, in conjunction with a cluster manager.

Memory-Optimized TempDB Metadata in SQL Server 2019

SQL Shack

TempDB is one of the biggest sources of latency in […]. Introduction In-memory technologies are one of the greatest ways to improve performance and combat contention in computing today.

Making Cloud.typography Fast(er)

CSS Wizardry

Although this response has a 0B filesize, we will always take the latency hit on every single page view (and this response is basically 100% latency). com , which introduces yet more latency for the connection setup.

Three Other Models of Computer System Performance: Part 1

ACM Sigarch

How many buffers are needed to track pending requests as a function of needed bandwidth and expected latency? Can one both minimize latency and maximize throughput for unscheduled work? Recall that latency —in units of time—is the time it takes to do a task (e.g.,

Three Other Models of Computer System Performance: Part 2

ACM Sigarch

How many buffers are needed to track pending requests as a function of needed bandwidth and expected latency? Can one both minimize latency and maximize throughput for unscheduled work? Let L denoted the average total latency to handle a task, equal to Q + S. Low latency ?

Predictive CPU isolation of containers at Netflix

The Netflix TechBlog

Because microprocessors are so fast, computer architecture design has evolved towards adding various levels of caching between compute units and the main memory, in order to hide the latency of bringing the bits to the brains.

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Expanding the Cloud - Introducing the AWS Asia Pacific (Tokyo.

All Things Distributed

Japanese companies and consumers have become used to low latency and high-speed networking available between their businesses, residences, and mobile devices. The advanced Asia Pacific network infrastructure also makes the AWS Tokyo Region a viable low-latency option for customers from South Korea. All Things Distributed. Werner Vogels weblog on building scalable and robust distributed systems. Expanding the Cloud - Introducing the AWS Asia Pacific (Tokyo) Region.

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Expanding the Cloud - New AWS Region: US-West (Northern.

All Things Distributed

This new Region consists of multiple Availability Zones and provides low-latency access to the AWS services from for example the Bay Area. All Things Distributed. Werner Vogels weblog on building scalable and robust distributed systems.

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Cache-Control for Civilians

CSS Wizardry

If, however, there wasn’t a new file on the server, we’ll bring back a 304 header, no new file, but an entire roundtrip of latency. We can completely cut out the overhead of a roundtrip of latency. This means no unnecessary roundtrips spent retrieving 304 responses, which potentially saves us a lot of latency on the critical path ( CSS blocks rendering ). On high latency connections, this saving could be tangible.

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150 successful machine learning models: 6 lessons learned at Booking.com

The Morning Paper

Prediction serving latency matters. Lesson 4: prediction serving latency matters. In a experiment introducing synthetic latency, Booking.com found that an increase of about 30% in latency cost about 0.5%

Procella: unifying serving and analytical data at YouTube

The Morning Paper

That’s hard for many reasons, including the differing trade-offs between throughput and latency that need to be made across the use cases. Oh, and in additional to low latency, “ we require access to fresh data.”

Employing QUIC Protocol to Optimize Uber’s App Performance

Uber Engineering

To deliver the real-time performance expected from Uber’s users, our mobile apps require low-latency and highly … The post Employing QUIC Protocol to Optimize Uber’s App Performance appeared first on Uber Engineering Blog. Uber operates on a global scale across more than 600 cities, with our apps relying entirely on wireless connectivity from over 4,500 mobile carriers.

An open-source benchmark suite for microservices and their hardware-software implications for cloud & edge systems

The Morning Paper

The paper examines the implications of microservices at the hardware, OS and networking stack, cluster management, and application framework levels, as well as the impact of tail latency. The bottom line shows the tail latency impact in the microservices-based applications.

Build automated self-healing systems with xMatters and Dynatrace (Part 2 of 3)

Dynatrace

Step 5 – xMatters triggers a runbook in Ansible to fix the disk latency. As a last step, xMatters triggers a runbook in Ansible to push the disk latency fix. Dynatrace news.

A case for managed and model-less inference serving

The Morning Paper

Making queries to an inference engine has many of the same throughput, latency, and cost considerations as making queries to a datastore, and more and more applications are coming to depend on such queries. A case for managed and model-less inference serving Yadwadkar et al., HotOS’19.

Google's June 2nd Outage: Their Status Page ? Reality

DZone

From 11:48 to 12:10 latency for at least 50% of requests was significantly higher from us-east1 and us-central1 to GCS regional buckets in us-east1, us-central1, and europe-west2. From 11:48 to 12:03 latency was also elevated for europe-west2 to europe-west2 regional bucket access.

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Applying Netflix DevOps Patterns to Windows

The Netflix TechBlog

The canary stage will determine a score based on metrics such as CPU, threads, latency, and GC pauses. Baking Windows with Packer By Justin Phelps and Manuel Correa Customizing Windows images at Netflix was a manual, error-prone, and time consuming process.

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Automating chaos experiments in production

The Morning Paper

Two failure modes we focus on are a service becoming slower (increase in response latency) or a service failing outright (returning errors). If you’ve read the SRE book you’ve probably come across the “four golden signals” (p60): latency, throughput, error rate, and saturation.

Key Considerations for a Modern Database to Operate at Scale

VoltDB

The performance consists of two aspects: throughput and latency. Humans will wait much longer than an API will since APIs have strict latency expectations due to timeouts. But in most cases in modern applications, the application expectation is far less than the baked-in latency.

Top 10 Tips for Making the Spark + Alluxio Stack Blazing Fast

DZone

In addition, compute and storage are increasingly being separated causing larger latencies for queries. The Apache Spark + Alluxio stack is getting quite popular particularly for the unification of data access across S3 and HDFS. Alluxio is leveraged as compute-side virtual storage to improve performance. But to get the best performance, like any technology stack, you need to follow the best practices.

Stuff The Internet Says On Scalability For March 1st, 2019

High Scalability

It was made possible by using a low latency of 0.1 seconds, the lower the latency, the more responsive the robot. Wake up! It's HighScalability time: 10 years of AWS architecture increasing simplicity or increasing complexity? Michael Wittig ). Do you like this sort of Stuff?

How to maximize CPU performance for PostgreSQL 12.0 benchmarks on Linux

HammerDB

cpupower frequency-info analyzing CPU 0: driver: intel_pstate CPUs which run at the same hardware frequency: 0 CPUs which need to have their frequency coordinated by software: 0 maximum transition latency: Cannot determine or is not supported.

The Three Types of Performance Testing

CSS Wizardry

Things always always feel fast when we’re developing because, more often than not, we’re working on high-spec machines on dedicated networks, and also serving from localhost which removes the bulk of the latency and bandwidth issues that a real user would suffer.

Fast key-value stores: an idea whose time has come and gone

The Morning Paper

In ProtoCache (a component of a widely used Google application), 27% of its latency when using a traditional S+RInK design came from marshalling/un-marshalling. (We’ve The network latency of fetching data over the network, even considering fast data center networks.

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Expanding the AWS Cloud – Introducing the AWS Asia Pacific (Hong Kong) Region

All Things Distributed

AWS customers can now use this Region to serve their end users in Hong Kong SAR at a lower latency, and to comply with any data locality requirements. Today, I am happy to introduce the new AWS Asia Pacific ( Hong Kong ) Region.

Re-Architecting the Video Gatekeeper

The Netflix TechBlog

This data-propagation latency was unacceptable?—?we The Tangible Result With the data propagation latency issue solved, we were able to re-implement the Gatekeeper system to eliminate all I/O boundaries.