Taskbar Latency and Kernel Calls

Randon ASCII

I work quickly on my computer and I get frustrated when I am forced to wait on an operation that should be fast. A persistent nuisance on my over-powered home laptop is that closing windows on the taskbar is slow. I right-click on an entry, wait for the menu to appear, and then select “Close window”.

Bandwidth or Latency: When to Optimise for Which

CSS Wizardry

When it comes to network performance, there are two main limiting factors that will slow you down: bandwidth and latency. Latency is defined as…. Where bandwidth deals with capacity, latency is more about speed of transfer 2. and reduction in latency. more than latency.

SLOG: serializable, low-latency, geo-replicated transactions

The Morning Paper

SLOG: serializable, low-latency, geo-replicated transactions Ren et al., That’s where SLOG (Serializable LOw-latency, Geo-replicated transactions) comes in. VLDB’19. SLOG is another research system motivated by the needs of the application developer (aka, user!).

Uber’s Big Data Platform: 100+ Petabytes with Minute Latency

Uber Engineering

To accomplish this, Uber relies heavily on making data-driven decisions at every level, from forecasting rider demand during high traffic events to identifying and addressing bottlenecks … The post Uber’s Big Data Platform: 100+ Petabytes with Minute Latency appeared first on Uber Engineering Blog. Uber is committed to delivering safer and more reliable transportation across our global markets.

How to Improve MySQL AWS Performance 2X Over Amazon RDS at The Same Cost

Scalegrid

As organizations continue to migrate to the cloud, it’s important to get in front of performance issues, such as high latency, low throughput, and replication lag with higher distances between your users and cloud infrastructure. ScaleGrid’s MySQL on AWS High Performance deployment can provide 2x-3x the throughput at half the latency of Amazon RDS for MySQL with their added advantage of having 2 read replicas as compared to 1 in RDS. MySQL on AWS Latency Performance Test Averages.

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Best Practice for Creating Indexes on your MySQL Tables

Scalegrid

95th Percentile Latency. The 95th percentile latency of queries was also 1.8 By having appropriate indexes on your MySQL tables, you can greatly enhance the performance of SELECT queries.

This spring: High-Performance and Low-Latency C++ (Stockholm) and ACCU (Bristol)

Sutter's Mill

Tue-Thu Apr 25-27: High-Performance and Low-Latency C++ (Stockholm). On April 25-27, I’ll be in Stockholm (Kista) giving a three-day seminar on “High-Performance and Low-Latency C++.” This intensive three day course will provide developers with the knowledge and skills required to write high-performance and low-latency code on today’s modern systems using modern C++11/14/17.

Latency: Will it undermine the most interesting 5G use cases?

VoltDB

Unfortunately, this means that the age-old Telco bugbears will rear their ugly heads again, including latency. 5G, as a fundamental requirement, mandates a 1 millisecond latency from the datasource to its destination. With the 5G revolution, operators will need to manage hundreds of edge deployments, and maintain the physical space and hardware to achieve 1ms of latency. This requires 1 ms network latency.

RSocket vs. gRPC Benchmark

DZone

java performance scalability latency cpu grpc rpc qpsAlmost every time I present RSocket to an audience, there will be someone asking the question: "How does RSocket compare to gRPC?" " Today we are going to find out.

PostgreSQL Connection Pooling: Part 1 – Pros & Cons

Scalegrid

While there is plenty of well-documented benefits to using a connection pooler, there are some arguments to be made against using one: Introducing a middleware in the communication inevitably introduces some latency.

ScyllaDB Trends – How Users Deploy The Real-Time Big Data Database

Scalegrid

ScyllaDB offers significantly lower latency which allows you to process a high volume of data with minimal delay. percentile latency is up to 11X better than Cassandra on AWS EC2 bare metal. ScyllaDB is an open-source distributed NoSQL data store, reimplemented from the popular Apache Cassandra database. Released just four years ago in 2015, Scylla has averaged over 220% year-over-year growth in popularity according to DB-Engines.

How to Improve MySQL AWS Performance 2X Over Amazon RDS at The Same Cost

High Scalability

As organizations continue to migrate to the cloud, it’s important to get in front of performance issues, such as high latency, low throughput, and replication lag with higher distances between your users and cloud infrastructure. AWS is the #1 cloud provider for open-source database hosting, and the go-to cloud for MySQL deployments.

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Self-Host Your Static Assets

CSS Wizardry

Every new origin we need to visit needs a connection opening, and that can be very costly: DNS resolution, TCP handshakes, and TLS negotiation all add up, and the story gets worse the higher the latency of the connection is.

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New Year’s Updates

John McCalpin

This week I updated three of those posts — two really old ones (primarily of interest to computer architecture historians), and one from 2018: July 2012: Local and Remote Memory Latency on AMD Processors in 2-socket and 4-socket servers. Computer Architecture Performance memory bandwidth memory latency Xeon PhiAs part of my attempt to become organized in 2019, I found several draft blog entries that had never been completed and made public.

How to Improve MySQL AWS Performance 2X Over Amazon RDS at The Same Cost

DZone

As organizations continue to migrate to the cloud, it’s important to get in front of performance issues, such as high latency, low throughput, and replication lag with higher distances between your users and cloud infrastructure. Improve AWS performance!

Invited Talk at SuperComputing 2016!

John McCalpin

Computer Architecture Computer Hardware Performance cache DRAM high performance computing memory bandwidth memory latency STREAM benchmark“Memory Bandwidth and System Balance in HPC Systems” If you are planning to attend the SuperComputing 2016 conference in Salt Lake City next month, be sure to reserve a spot on your calendar for my talk on Wednesday afternoon (4:15pm-5:00pm).

Best Practice for Creating Indexes on your MySQL Tables

High Scalability

AWS Add Index Azure Create Index Database DevOps EC2 Latency Master-Slave MySQL MySQL Index MySQL Performance MySQL Table Performance Performance Test SELECT Queries administration benchmark benchmarks best platform cloud data management database database replication database scalability deployment ec2 high availability hosting indexing master-slave mysql mysql cluster mysql load nodes optimization scalabitliy sql testing uptime

PostgreSQL Connection Pooling: Part 1 – Pros & Cons

High Scalability

It is difficult to fault their argument – as it’s absolutely true that: Connection Pool Connection Pooler Connection Pooling Database DevOps Forking Language Library Latency Linux Multithreaded Performance Postgres Web Applications administrator application architecture cluster connection-pool database database performance online website deployment developer failure multilanguage multithreading open source postgresql sql

Why Telcos Need a Real-Time Analytics Strategy

VoltDB

No Compromises Performance Personalization Real-time Vlog low latency real-time analytics telco telco strategy telecomHistorically, telco analytics have been limited and difficult. Telco networks and the systems that support those networks are some of the most advanced technology solutions in existence.

Time to First Byte: What It Is and Why It Matters

CSS Wizardry

The first—and often most surprising for people to learn—thing that I want to draw your attention to is that TTFB counts one whole round trip of latency. The reason is because mobile networks are, as a rule, high latency connections.

Expanding the Cloud: Faster, More Flexible Queries with DynamoDB

All Things Distributed

While DynamoDB already allows you to perform low-latency queries based on your tableâ??s This gives you the ability to perform richer queries while still meeting the low-latency demands of responsive, scalable applications. All Things Distributed.

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Extending Vector with eBPF to inspect host and container performance

The Netflix TechBlog

Today we are excited to announce latency heatmaps and improved container support for our on-host monitoring solution?—?Vector?—?to Remotely view real-time process scheduler latency and tcp throughput with Vector and eBPF What is Vector?

RPCValet: NI-driven tail-aware balancing of µs-scale RPCs

The Morning Paper

Last week we learned about the [increased tail-latency sensitivity of microservices based applications with high RPC fan-outs. Seer uses estimates of queue depths to mitigate latency spikes on the order of 10-100ms, in conjunction with a cluster manager.

Memory-Optimized TempDB Metadata in SQL Server 2019

SQL Shack

TempDB is one of the biggest sources of latency in […]. Introduction In-memory technologies are one of the greatest ways to improve performance and combat contention in computing today.

Three Other Models of Computer System Performance: Part 1

ACM Sigarch

How many buffers are needed to track pending requests as a function of needed bandwidth and expected latency? Can one both minimize latency and maximize throughput for unscheduled work? Recall that latency —in units of time—is the time it takes to do a task (e.g.,

Making Cloud.typography Fast(er)

CSS Wizardry

Although this response has a 0B filesize, we will always take the latency hit on every single page view (and this response is basically 100% latency). com , which introduces yet more latency for the connection setup.

Three Other Models of Computer System Performance: Part 2

ACM Sigarch

How many buffers are needed to track pending requests as a function of needed bandwidth and expected latency? Can one both minimize latency and maximize throughput for unscheduled work? Let L denoted the average total latency to handle a task, equal to Q + S. Low latency ?

Predictive CPU isolation of containers at Netflix

The Netflix TechBlog

Because microprocessors are so fast, computer architecture design has evolved towards adding various levels of caching between compute units and the main memory, in order to hide the latency of bringing the bits to the brains.

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Expanding the Cloud - Introducing the AWS Asia Pacific (Tokyo.

All Things Distributed

Japanese companies and consumers have become used to low latency and high-speed networking available between their businesses, residences, and mobile devices. The advanced Asia Pacific network infrastructure also makes the AWS Tokyo Region a viable low-latency option for customers from South Korea. All Things Distributed. Werner Vogels weblog on building scalable and robust distributed systems. Expanding the Cloud - Introducing the AWS Asia Pacific (Tokyo) Region.

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Cache-Control for Civilians

CSS Wizardry

If, however, there wasn’t a new file on the server, we’ll bring back a 304 header, no new file, but an entire roundtrip of latency. We can completely cut out the overhead of a roundtrip of latency. This means no unnecessary roundtrips spent retrieving 304 responses, which potentially saves us a lot of latency on the critical path ( CSS blocks rendering ). On high latency connections, this saving could be tangible.

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Snap: a microkernel approach to host networking

The Morning Paper

Here are the bombshell paragraphs: Our datacenter applications seek ever more CPU-efficient and lower-latency communication, which Pony Express delivers. The desire for CPU efficiency and lower latencies is easy to understand. Snap: a microkernel approach to host networking Marty et al.,

Optimize Citrix platform performance and user experience with a new extension (Preview)

Dynatrace

Citrix platform performance—optimize your Citrix landscape with insights into user load and screen latency per server. Citrix latency represents the end-to-end “screen lag” experienced by a server’s users. ICA latency. Dynatrace news.

SpaceX Spending $10 Billion to Make the Internet 20ms Faster

MachMetrics

However, there is excitement around Starlink for other reasons – namely, the implications it might have for internet speed and latency – even by just a small amount (20 milliseconds on average). Starlink’s Goal: Reduce Internet Latency. Elon Musk’s need for speed.

An open-source benchmark suite for microservices and their hardware-software implications for cloud & edge systems

The Morning Paper

The paper examines the implications of microservices at the hardware, OS and networking stack, cluster management, and application framework levels, as well as the impact of tail latency. The bottom line shows the tail latency impact in the microservices-based applications.

A case for managed and model-less inference serving

The Morning Paper

Making queries to an inference engine has many of the same throughput, latency, and cost considerations as making queries to a datastore, and more and more applications are coming to depend on such queries. A case for managed and model-less inference serving Yadwadkar et al., HotOS’19.

Procella: unifying serving and analytical data at YouTube

The Morning Paper

That’s hard for many reasons, including the differing trade-offs between throughput and latency that need to be made across the use cases. Oh, and in additional to low latency, “ we require access to fresh data.”

Employing QUIC Protocol to Optimize Uber’s App Performance

Uber Engineering

To deliver the real-time performance expected from Uber’s users, our mobile apps require low-latency and highly … The post Employing QUIC Protocol to Optimize Uber’s App Performance appeared first on Uber Engineering Blog. Uber operates on a global scale across more than 600 cities, with our apps relying entirely on wireless connectivity from over 4,500 mobile carriers.

Expanding the Cloud - New AWS Region: US-West (Northern.

All Things Distributed

This new Region consists of multiple Availability Zones and provides low-latency access to the AWS services from for example the Bay Area. All Things Distributed. Werner Vogels weblog on building scalable and robust distributed systems.

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Google's June 2nd Outage: Their Status Page ? Reality

DZone

From 11:48 to 12:10 latency for at least 50% of requests was significantly higher from us-east1 and us-central1 to GCS regional buckets in us-east1, us-central1, and europe-west2. From 11:48 to 12:03 latency was also elevated for europe-west2 to europe-west2 regional bucket access.

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150 successful machine learning models: 6 lessons learned at Booking.com

The Morning Paper

Prediction serving latency matters. Lesson 4: prediction serving latency matters. In a experiment introducing synthetic latency, Booking.com found that an increase of about 30% in latency cost about 0.5%

Key Considerations for a Modern Database to Operate at Scale

VoltDB

The performance consists of two aspects: throughput and latency. Humans will wait much longer than an API will since APIs have strict latency expectations due to timeouts. But in most cases in modern applications, the application expectation is far less than the baked-in latency.

Automating chaos experiments in production

The Morning Paper

Two failure modes we focus on are a service becoming slower (increase in response latency) or a service failing outright (returning errors). If you’ve read the SRE book you’ve probably come across the “four golden signals” (p60): latency, throughput, error rate, and saturation.

Stuff The Internet Says On Scalability For March 1st, 2019

High Scalability

It was made possible by using a low latency of 0.1 seconds, the lower the latency, the more responsive the robot. Wake up! It's HighScalability time: 10 years of AWS architecture increasing simplicity or increasing complexity? Michael Wittig ). Do you like this sort of Stuff?